ESM 15 – Annual Essential Safety Measures Report Requirements2017-04-04T15:43:19+00:00

 March 2017

Annual Essential Safety Measures Report Requirements

VIC  Hendry advises building owners, property professionals and tenants are governed by the essential safety measures provisions contained in Part 12 of the Building Regulations. Some building owners and tenants are unaware of the obligations under the regulations, namely that all buildings old and new will require the owner to sign an ‘Annual Essential Safety Measures Report ’ for the previous 12 months every year.

All buildings (except houses) require the Annual Essential Safety Measures Report (AESMR) every 12 months, for the proceeding 12 months, regardless of when it was built stating that all essential safety measures have been inspected and are functioning.


When a building is constructed or altered, upon completion of the building works, the building surveyor will either issue an Occupancy Permit (OP) or a Certificate of Final Inspection (CFI). Both of these documents will contain a list of essential safety measures.


The Building Regulations 2006 in Part 12 requires the building surveyor to determine the essential safety measures for a building and to include them in the OP or CFI. . Also included are mechanical ventilation systems (HVAC), items specified in alternative solutions by the building surveyor and items nominated under previous regulations and OP’s or CFI’s.


Essential safety measures can either be active or passive. Examples of active systems are sprinkler systems, emergency lighting, mechanical ventilation and smoke alarm systems. Examples of passive systems are fire resisting materials, fire windows, paths of travel to an exit, fire isolated stairs etc.

Most passive essential safety measures in a building are not well known, since there can be design safety features or structural elements built into the fabric of the building such as fire control joints and fire indices, or building element safety features such as discharge from exits into a public space, that are not often used, but are still incorporated in the AESMR.


The Building Regulations 2006 are very specific relative to essential safety measures and carry punitive measures for non compliance; a building owner or occupier who ignores the regulations or who is ill advised will be exposed very quickly in the event of injury or death in a building caused by poor maintenance of essential safety measures.

The table below is a brief summary of the obligations of the building owner, building owner’s agent, occupier or person nominated in the regulations concerning the maintenance of essential safety measures.


All new buildings and buildings constructed before the 1st of July 1994 which have had subsequent alterations occur after this date are all currently subject to the requirements of obtaining an AESMR. All new and existing buildings, whether altered or not, will require a signed AESMR by the 13 of June each year. To be able to sign the AESMR by the 13 of June each year, building owners must also be capable of providing the essential safety measures inspection/ maintenance records for the preceding 12 months to either the municipal building surveyor or chief fire officer upon request.

Building owners responsible for a number of buildings need to be mindful of not falling into the trap of organising a single date for the AESMR on all their buildings. The logistics of preparation, sourcing contractors, performing maintenance on all essential safety measures and the issue of providing multiple AESMR on the one day can be a horrendous task.

Remember you are certifying for the preceding 12 months of compliance relative to essential safety measures maintenance, and your systems, contractors and verification methods in your essential safety measures logbooks must be up to scratch for you to sign each AESMR each year.

We recommend building owners stagger their 12 month commencement dates for each building well before the 12 month period commences, which in turn will allow for staggered dates for the signing of AESMRs. This will allow the building owners, consultants, contractors and employees sufficient time and capability to provide the services needed in a professional manner.

Building Regulations 2006, Part 12 Maintenance of Buildings

1205Must comply with maintenance determination
1207Must ensure maintenance schedule available
1208Must prepare the AESMR annually
12091209AESMR must contain certain criteria including signature
1211AESMR and maintenance records must be made available to authorities on request
1214AESMR required for building built before 1 July 1994
12151215AESMR content building built before 1 July 1994
1216AESMR and maintenance records must be made available to authorities on request for building built before 1 July 1994
1217Responsibility for maintenance for buildings built before 1 July 1994
1218Maintenance of exits, efficient condition, clear etc
12201220Maintenance / operation of swimming pool fences, gate etc

When it comes to collating all the relevant essential safety measures information required to sign off the AESMR, and understanding the legal obligations of the building owner from a statutory and workplace safety point of view, it is wise to have a system in place to verify whether all items have been maintained to the correct level.

Hendry building assessors performing essential safety measures inspections are finding numerous cases of shortcomings when producing evidence and records on essential safety measures to prove that the appropriate maintenance has taken place over the preceding 12 months.

Effectively this means that although someone may sign the AESMR, if the maintenance has not been completed satisfactory the AESMR won’t be worth the paper it is written on. Signing the AESMR will not afford you any legal protection should something go wrong when an inadequate inspection and recording regime exists.


Relying solely on your specialist sub-contractor to deliver the requirements that are right for your building can be a major problem. It seems that due to the complexity and specialist nature of fire protection maintenance on a number of essential safety measures, most building owners and managers rely on the contractor to do the right thing, and it may not to be a good tactic to adopt.

Building owners cannot measure if, when, or how the maintenance has been delivered, and are assuming the work has been done just because the invoices come in, and subsequently signing the AESMR.

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