Automatic Fire Detection and Alarm Systems
The Building Code of Australia in clause E2.2 General Requirements and clause G3.8 Fire and smoke control systems, specify the installation of automatic fire detection and alarm systems in buildings. Automatic fire detection systems ultimately are nominated as essential safety measures by a building surveyor/ building certifier in an essential safety measures schedule/ determination.
Automatic fire detection and alarm systems are designed to alert occupants of a building to the presence of fire. Generally these systems use smoke, heat or flame detectors.
Building Code of Australia
Part E2 Smoke Hazard Management and Part G3 Atrium Construction, set out the requirements for when an automatic fire detection and alarm systems are to be installed in a building under a building permit relevant to automatic fire detection.
Specification E2.2a Smoke Detection and Alarm Systems in particular contains two clauses:
- Clause 3 Smoke alarm system, which nominates smoke alarms to comply with AS 3786-1993 Smoke alarms, and
- Clause 4 Smoke detection system, which nominates a smoke detection system to comply with AS 1670.1-2004 Fire detection warning, control and intercom systems – System design, installation commissioning – Fire.
The following photographs depict the various automatic fire detection / alarm system panels.