The Building Code of Australia (BCA) contains Specification E2.2a Smoke Detection and Alarm Systems (smoke alarms). Part E2 Smoke Hazard Management and the Specification dictate which buildings require smoke alarms, which ultimately became an essential safety measure when nominated by the building surveyor/ building certifier.
Building Code of Australia
The BCA requires smoke alarms system to be installed in a building to provide early warning of a fire to enable quick evacuation. The smoke alarms system must operate to a level that detects the presence and location of a fire and alert the fire brigade.
The following Standards affect the design, location and installation of smoke alarms systems.
- AS 3786-1993 Smoke Alarms
- AS/NZS 1681:1998 The use of ventilation and air-conditioning in buildings – Fire and smoke control in multi-compartment buildings
- AS 1670.1-2004 Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems – System design, installation and commissioning – Fire
The following illustration depicts the location of smoke detectors (smoke alarms) in a Class 3 building.