Fire Isolated Ramps

The Building Code of Australia defines the essential safety measure known as fire isolated ramps to be a ramp within a fire-resisting enclosure which provides egress from a storey. All building surveyors/ building certifiers will nominate fire isolated ramps in the essential safety measures determination/ schedule before occupancy occurs.

Building Code of Australia

Part D2 Construction of exits in clause D2.10 Pedestrian ramps, sets out the criteria for the type of construction and fire ratings required for fire isolated ramps, the ramp floor is also designated to be non-slip for a building permit to be issued.

The following illustration depicts the construction requirements for fire isolated ramps.

The following is a part extract of clause I1.1 for an Essential Safety Measure (as appeared in BCA 2013) known as fire isolated ramps:

Table I1.2 SAFETY MEASURES – MEANS OF EGRESS

Safety Measures BCA Provision for Determining Standard of Performance
Exits (including fire-isolated stairways and ramps non-fire-isolated stairways and ramps, stair treads, balustrades and handrails associated with exits, and fire-isolated passageways) D2.2, D2.3, D2.8 to D2.11, D2.13, D2.16, D2.17

Essential Safety Measures Audit – Fire Isolated Ramps

When performing an essential safety measures inspection on fire isolated ramps an essential safety measures auditor must be aware of the significance of a number of major safety issues the BCA brought to bear in the design and construction of fire isolated ramps for fire safety compliance. Some of these issues are fire doors, emergency lighting, artificial lighting, exit signs, warning signs, fire-resistance levels, path of travel unobstructed, construction joints, doors, exit discharge, fire indices and service penetrations in fire isolated ramps.

All of these elements combine to ensure a safe evacuation (egress) from the building when using fire isolated ramps, which is a safe haven providing all the essential safety measures nominated are maintained to a level that they actually operate to the necessary standard in an emergency. Any non-compliant fire-isolated ramps issues should be recorded in the building’s essential safety measures logbook to allow signing of the Annual Statement, Annual Certificate of Compliance, Annual Fire Safety Statement, Annual Maintenance Statement and Annual Occupiers Statement.